Fine Aggregate Aggregate which passes through a 3/8-in. sieve and almost entirely passing the No.4 (4.76 mm) sieve and predominantly retained on the No. 200 (74 micron) sieve (ASTM125)
Footing The widened portion of the foundation or a structure that spreads and transmits the load from the building or foundation directly to, and across a broader area of, the soil. A continuous 8" or 10" thick concrete pad installed before that supports the foundation wall or monopost
Flowable Fill a mixture that is very flowable, often used to bury underground conduit or pipes. Also known as Controlled Low-Strength Material (CLSM), flowable fill is often used as a replacement for backfill.
Fly Ash A fine residue that results from the combustion of ground or powdered coal. May be used in either concrete or flowable fill.
Grout A mixture of (1) cement, sand, and water or (2) cement and water: the hardened equivalent of such mixtures
Gunite Also known as dry-mix shotcrete (pumpable)